03月11 Intelligent Manufacturing Under 5G Technology
The smart factory in the 5G era will greatly improve labor conditions, reduce manual intervention in production lines, and improve the controllability of the production process. The most important thing is to use the information technology to open up various processes of the enterprise and realize the interconnection from design, production to sales. And on this basis to achieve the integration and optimization of resources.
As a new generation of mobile communication technology, 5G technology meets the needs of traditional manufacturing enterprise intelligent manufacturing transformation for wireless network applications, and can meet the needs of equipment interconnection and remote interactive applications in industrial environments. It can connect a wide range of scattered people, machines and equipment to build a unified Internet. The development of 5G technology can help manufacturing enterprises to get rid of the confusing application state of wireless network technology in the past, which has positive significance for promoting the implementation of industrial Internet and deepening the transformation of intelligent manufacturing.
The current transformation of manufacturing can be seen as the integration of automation upgrades and information technology. This is not just automation and machine substitution, but also the factory can make independent decisions, flexibly produce diversified products, and quickly respond to more. Market changes.
The combination of artificial intelligence and manufacturing systems will be inevitable. Using algorithmic models such as machine learning, pattern recognition, and cognitive analysis, the ability of the plant control management system can be enhanced to achieve so-called intelligent manufacturing, in order to enable enterprises to compete in today’s competitive environment. Get a better edge.
The intelligent manufacturing process is mainly around smart factories, and artificial intelligence plays an important role in smart factories. The Internet of Things connects all the machines and devices together, such as the controller, sensors, and actuators. Then, the AI can analyze the data uploaded by the sensors, which is the core of intelligent manufacturing.
With the development of the application of industrial Internet of Things, the network and the physical system will be closely linked, that is, the Internet of Things will connect the processors and sensors at the production site, so that the robots can communicate with each other, and the machines and people can communicate with each other. The work will no longer be strictly divided, and the future manufacturing system will bring people and machines together. Including automated production machines, non-standard automation, robotic application integration, automated assembly lines, intelligent automated assembly, precision assembly of components, automated assembly and assembly of medical devices, precision automated assembly of military equipments.
Digital twins are an important role. The entire process of intelligent manufacturing has a digital twin model. The system includes anything in the real world, which can be an application or an operation guide.
In addition, there is human-computer interaction in the intelligent manufacturing system, that is, the interaction between people and robots. There are also artificial intelligence to drive, optimize products and processes. Factories need to do some predictive maintenance or predict the energy consumption of the machine, etc. More and more of these functions can be implemented in smart factories.
On the other hand, 5G can build a comprehensive information ecosystem that connects people and machines inside and outside the factory, ultimately enabling anyone and anything to share information with each other, anytime, anywhere.While consumers demand personalized goods and services, the relationship between enterprises and consumers changes, consumers will participate in the production process of enterprises, consumers can cross the region through 5G network, participate in product design, and query products in real time. status information.
In the production scenarios of large enterprises, it often involves cross-factory, cross-regional equipment maintenance, and remote problem location. The application of 5G technology in these aspects can improve operation and maintenance efficiency and reduce costs. 5G brings not only the Internet of Everything, but also the interaction of all things, making the maintenance of smart factories in the future break through the boundaries of the factory. Factory maintenance work can be done in collaboration with industrial robots or people and industrial robots according to the actual situation. In the future, each object in the factory is a terminal with a unique IP, so that the raw materials in the production process have the “information” attribute. Raw materials are automatically produced and maintained in accordance with the “information”. People have also become terminals with their own IP. People and industrial robots enter the entire production process and exchange information with raw materials, equipment and products with unique IP. While the industrial robot manages the factory, people can receive real-time information follow-up and interact with them in the first time.
In the future, the production of smart factories involves the judgment and decision-making of logistics, loading and warehousing, and 5G technology can provide a full cloud network platform for smart factories. Precision sensing technology acts on countless sensors and reports information status in a very short time. A large amount of industrial-grade data is collected through 5G networks, and a huge database begins to form. Industrial robots combine the supercomputing power of cloud computing for independent learning. And accurate judgment, giving the best solution. In some specific scenarios, by means of D2D (Device-to-Device) technology under 5G, direct communication between objects and objects further reduces the end-to-end delay of the service and realizes the shunting in the network load. At the same time, the reaction is more agile. The time for manufacturing and manufacturing has become shorter, the solution is faster and better, and the manufacturing efficiency has been greatly improved.
Second, 5G can optimize network connectivity and take local traffic offload to meet low latency requirements. The optimization of each slice for business needs is not only reflected in the different functional characteristics of the network, but also in the flexible deployment plan. The network function modules inside the slice are very flexible and can be deployed in multiple distributed data centers according to business requirements. The key transaction slicing in the prototype is to ensure the real-time performance of the transaction, and the delay is very high. The user data plane function module is deployed in the local data center close to the end user, and the delay is reduced as much as possible to ensure real-time control of production.
Therefore, the smart factory in the 5G era will greatly improve the labor conditions, reduce the manual intervention of the production line, and improve the controllability of the production process. The most important thing is to open up the various processes of the enterprise through information technology to realize all aspects from design, production to sales. Interoperability, and on this basis, the integration and optimization of resources, thereby further improving the production efficiency and product quality of enterprises.